"The manly art of self-defence" the statement usually refers to boxing. This is a sport where two people are competing with each other while trying to hit each other unconscious.
Each contestant is trying to hit each other with their gloves on while trying to avoid taking costly hits at the same place.
The fight usually lasts for 3minutes with 1 minute extra time given to contestants to catch their breath on the ring.
The number of rounds per match may vary depending on the situation of the game. If a player is knocked out early, the game will be over instantly.
Being a huge boxing fan, I always wondered the details about getting into boxing. So, I did some digging, and this is what I found:
Brief History of Boxing
The exact date is yet unknown, but boxing is said to be originated when someone in history lifted his fist against a person in play. According to the Greek Mythology, boxing was played by gods on Olympus which is why boxing became a part of the Olympic games.
Although the exact date at which boxing became a part of the Olympic games remains a mystery. It is presumed that the date was somewhere around 688 BC.
During ancient times boxing matches were usually fight to the death. This was because they used metal filled leather hand covering which can throw a devastating punch.
The era of boxing came to an end when the Romans empire felt. The game remained quiet for some time, but then it was revived again by the British in the 18th century.
From its revival in 1719 till present time boxing has gone through a lot of changes. Each change was made trying to make boxing less violent than it already is.
The changes are not always followed as Boxing has no real governing body which makes it difficult to regulate the violence present in boxing.
Basic Boxing Movements
These movements include all the primary form of moves listed below:
Stance in boxing is said to be one of the most important things to learn. The beginner version is called "Ready to Attack or Defend." This is the most straightforward stance which you will learn on the road of becoming a boxer.
Advanced fighters use multiple numbers of stance to maximize their chances of using the most out of their body and to increase chances for a counterpunch opportunity.
Being a beginner, you should only be trying to perfect the art of "Ready to Attack or Defend" stance. To achieve that, you will have to follow the instructions below:
Step-drag and pivot manoeuvre should be mastered by beginners. Although this manoeuvers may seem difficult at first, these movements will lay the groundwork for you in the future.
Your feet should always be on the ground so that you can attack, defend or retreat when necessary. Jumping while trying to avoid attacks may cost you a lot as jumping drains valuable energy from the body.
This is the most basic footwork that you will learn. To do step-drag, follow the points below:
This stepping and dragging movement ensures that your body weight is always grounded and you are ready to attack or defend depending of the situation you will face.
This is the second most important technique you will need to master as a beginner. Follow the steps to know how it is done:
This footwork is especially useful when planning on counter punches as this allows you to move out of harm's way while staying close enough to your opponent to find a new punching angle.
Boxing is all about throwing punches. The harder you can land a punch towards your opponent, the better your chances are on winning the fight.
There are some techniques that you will have to learn as a beginner. We will discuss more about that later. Before that, you will have to get the basics of landing a punch. Follow the tips below for better results:
While following all the stated instruction, you should be able to land a proper punch while utilizing your body weight. You will slowly but surely begin to land a devastating blow on every punch with experience gained overtimes.
Now, let's discuss the punching techniques which you would be following as a beginner. These techniques are JAB, Right Straight also known as Right Cross, Left Hook, Left Uppercut and Right Upper Cut.
This is the foundation of punching. JAB or left straight punch is fast enough to stun an opponent long enough for you to land a bigger blow.
This will be your longest and fastest attack. It will also use the least amount of energy while giving you more strategic advantage leaving you less vulnerable.
Every boxing trainer will usually advice you to master this technique as without this, you are pretty much useless on the arena. On top of that, every combination attack you will use usually starts with a JAB.
As we’ve learnt the importance of a JAB, now let me tell you how to perform a JAB. Follow the instructions and practice for maximum results:
This is going to be your strongest attack as you are trying to punch your opponent with your dominant hand (assuming you are a right-handed person like the majority of the people).
This is important for beginners as well, because the Right Cross uses the dominant hand of a person thereby making it much comfortable and voluntary while using it.
On top of that, this attack leaves you less vulnerable to opponent’s attacks.
If you are aiming for the head then perform the right cross from a standing position but if you intend to hit your opponent's body with the Right Cross, bend your knees and do so.
Right Cross and JAB will be the first combo attack that will be learned by a beginner.
This being your strongest attack, you should be well aware of how to perform such a strong offense. To accomplish this:
This is the most commonly used attack to knock opponents out since Left hooks are tricky to defend.
You will be using this a lot as a beginner as it is considered one of the deadliest punches. If it hits you, it will easily make your head dizzy by creating your head turn.
Left hook can be struck both horizontally and vertically, try using it the way you are comfortable with.
You will commonly use left hook in another way which is by aiming your left hook towards your opponent's body. The area under your rib cage is the area of the target.
Be sure to punch your opponent there with the left hook as we know countless cases where players got knocked out due to the extreme pain caused by getting hit there.
It’s a common but dangerous attack. Follow the instructions below to learn the basic left hook. Practice to perfect it.
This move is dangerous at a short or close range, although this can also be used during mid ranged battle. JAB is quite a strong move but compared to left uppercut, it is child’s play.
What makes Left uppercut so powerful is the fact that this move carries a lot of power while you deliver the blow. The move is so fast that it can leave your opponent baffled.
Although strong moves like this have their disadvantages one being that, you can only use this move at relatively close range.
Now that you know about the Left uppercut, let me tell you how do you perform it.
Just like its brother the left uppercut, this too is a dangerous attack. Although the right uppercut is said to be more effective. This is because of most participants in boxing use right hand as their dominant hand.
For this reason, right uppercut has more force packet in it than a left uppercut. Although if your dominant hand is Left, the statement above is not true.
The right uppercut has the same disadvantages as the Left Uppercut which is; you will have to use it in a relatively close range.
Let me tell you how you can perform this fantastic move in the arena.
Every boxer has their own set of combination that they use in the ring.
Combining different techniques of punches will be something you will have to master. As mastering this decides if you are going to win the fight or lose it.
There is no solid rule in a boxing match as all comes to the point of how you want to fight. You can throw around random punches if you may but is that going to be effective?
Even after having no set of fighting rules, players in the past have found their way of fighting by combining different techniques.
This was made for the convenience of the players and to make the most out of their stamina.
As you become a pro, you are going to come up with your own sets of combination that you feel comfortable using.
But as you are not one now, I have researched a list of beginner combinations for you to try.
Basic Boxing Defence
I won’t be stating all the defensive position out there because some defensive position is a way to advance for beginners to understand. However, what I am going to state is all the defensive position a beginner will need.
No need to work yourself out on something which you won’t be using in the beginning right? Once you have advanced to a pro level, you can familiarize yourself with the more advanced techniques with the help of your couch.
Now that that’s out of the way lets us talk about blocking. Blocking is the best and the only defensive technique a beginner will need. This technique will allow you to stay close enough to punch while taking less damage from the opponent.
Once you have mastered the art of blocking advanced techniques like parrying, rolling, slipping, etc. can be learned to improve defence.
Before jumping onto the blocking techniques let me give you some defence tips which will surely come in handy.
Now that those tips are out of the way to let me tell you about the blocking and how to do them.
1.Blocking Head Punches
Your head is going to be continuously targeted.If you can be hit hard enough in the head you will be knocked out cold. This is why it is essential to block attacks towards your head. This is how you prevent attacks towards your head:
2.Blocking Body Punches
Just because it’s easier to knock someone out aiming for the head necessarily doesn’t mean your opponents will always be aiming for the head.
Punches below your rib cage will feel a lot more painful than being hit in the head which can make you unconscious in times. This is how you will block attacks which are directed towards your body.
Blocking may seem easy, but it will take you a while to prevent attacks which are both strong and fast. The more you will practice your blocking the higher your chances will get to last longer in a fight.
3.Boxing Counter Punches
As a beginner, you will soon be able to realize the importance of counter-attacks. Blocking and then attacking is the easiest way to counter your opponent. Attacking and defending are both crucial in the sport as a right combination of offense and defence will pave your way to victory.
As you will begin to develop your skills as a boxer, you will learn to counter punches with punches. You won't have to take a defensive posture to achieve a good counter-attack as your key would be speed.
Here are some fundamental ways to counter the basic set of punching techniques taught to beginners.
4.Counter to the JAB
By the time you already know what a JAB is. Let me tell you now how to counter a JAB intended for you.
5.Counter to the Right Cross
Right Cross is the second most commonly used attack on boxing. Follow the instruction to avoid getting hit with a Right Cross.
6.Counter to the Left Uppercut
I have already informed you the damage that a left uppercut can inflect. Let me acknowledge you know on how to counter it.
7.Counter to the Right Uppercut
Right Uppercut in most cases can cause more damage than the left uppercut. Keeping that in mind let me tell you how to counter it.
8.Counter to Left hook
Left hook like all the other punching techniques will be sued frequently against you. To counter left hook, you can follow the points below
Necessary Gear for Boxing
Just like any other sports Boxing includes some essential gear, without them not only it will make it unsafe for you to go in the ring but also will hamper your training.
Let me tell you the list of Gear a boxer must have with details of why you need them down below.
Protecting your hand can be somewhat tricky in a game which requires you to attack and defend using your hands. Even so, Hand wraps make this just a little easier.
This tool might not seem much but with Hand Wraps on you will be avoiding wrist injuries and cuts all over your fists.
Never try to borrow someone’s Hand Wrap as when even a boxer fight or train he will sweat a lot making the Hand Wrap soaking wet with sweat after the match.
This may cause you skin infections and other skin related abnormalities. Always use your pair of Hand Wraps. Have more than one is suggested so that you can get one clean pair of Hand Wrap while you wash the used one.
A lot of beginners will usually borrow their gloves from the boxing gym. This is a common practice among most people but is it the right thing to do?
Just like Hand Wraps, Gloves also becomes soaked in sweat when someone opens them after a fight or training. Gloves are made in such a manner in which light or air cannot go in making it ideal for germs to breed.
On top of that Gloves should be the right size for you as a loose or a tight glove will not fill comfortable and you won’t be able to deliver the power that your fist poses.
Getting your pair of Gloves is mandatory for those who have hygiene issues. As by getting your pair you can be sure there is no one's sweat inside other than yours.
Try getting two pairs of gloves one which weights around 16oz and the other which weights about 12-14 oz. The 16oz should always be used in training when sparring or practicing your stance etc.
12-14oz once should be used when you are working on your attacks to make them lightning fast. Although if you are a woman or if you are reading this for your children then I highly suggest you use the 14oz ones. As 16oz will not feel heavier at first but will slowly eat away your energy.
Imagine going to the ring without a mouth guard. You are about to enter a sport where most of the attacks are going to be directed towards the face.
Although in my life I have seen men saying, "Mouth Guard is for the weak," "This is not boxing" etc. DO NOT listen to them.
Let me give you some possible scenario which you might face like a boxer if you are not using the mouth guard.
a.The tooth may come of flying from your mouth when a boxer hit you too hard in the face.
b.You might end up with a broken jaw as the Lower Jaw is hinged to the upper jaw it was no real support so a punch from the side or bellow might break that hinge making your jaw shatter.
c.Your tongue might come in-between your teeth and get sliced off in the process.
All the situations listed above have been faced by boxer throughout history. Mouth guard was invented to avoid such situations.
If you want to be a man and play without using mouth guard be my guest but do remember my warning.
But if you do decide to wear a mouth guard then always use one which is custom made. As factory manufactured large scale once is never going to be a good fit for you.
A custom made one will cost you more but will be more effective than a regular mouth guard.
And lastly, never share a mouth guard with anyone the reasons are way too obvious for me to state. Just do not share it.
Headgear might not seem essential at the beginning, but eventually, you will begin to understand the importance of head gear.
Head Gear will shield your head by minimizing the punches force. There are boxers out there who can easily leave you with a brain haemorrhage.
A brain haemorrhage can some lead to death, and the others will end up in a coma. Headgear can prevent you from getting yourself into such a situation.
Borrowing headgear like any other gear in the sport is entirely unhygienic and borrowed will always be uncomfortable to wear.
Get a Headgear of your own making sure that the headgear fits you just right. Not to tight and not too lose. Also, make sure the padding inside the Gear is made from quality products.
Why cannot you ask your daily running shoes? Some may ask. The answer is quite simple Running shoes aren't made for wearing in boxing matches.
Let me explain. Boxing shoes are made from a supper light durable material which allows a person to move flexibly.
The boxing shoes are also supper grippe and slim which allow its user to increase their agility and make you more mobile.
Brands such as Nike and Puma are some of the best in the business. Their boxing shoes are comfortable wearing and are supper grippe which allows for a more better movement.
Heavy bags are essential when it comes to training yourself. With the help an of heavy bag, you would be able to develop your punches.
Punching form, punching speed, punching endurance, and punching accuracy will also be developed via practicing with the heavy bag.
On top of that, you can release your full potential of punch on to the heavy bag without having to worry about hurting someone in the process.
As a beginner, heavy bag will be your training partner every day so make sure you make the most out of it.
Once you have started to get the hang of the heavy bag, try shifting to a Double-end Bag. What this does is help you develop accuracy, timing and hand speed.
Heavy Bag and the Double-end Bag will help you develop almost every aspect of your punches.
Although they won't make you a pro as becoming a pro requires a lot of practical experience.
Jump rope can easily be used for a great work out session. They are cheap to buy and effective if trained with them properly.
Using a jump road will help you develop your overall boxing condition. Balance and stance.
This is a great form or cardio exercise and is one of the most effect ones. If you have some extra fat inside the body try skipping for 10-20 mins straight, this will burn more calories than running for 10-20min straight.
Jumping rope is also a great form of warm-up exercise, this will get you heart beat faster triggering the release of adrenaline in your body.
This is going to be vital equipment if you are seeking to become a pro in the field of boxing. Speed-bags will help a person to develop punching rhythm, timing, accuracy and hand speed.
This will also make sure you can punch continuously as high speed without your hands getting too tired to continue afterward.
There is absolutely no escaping training in boxing. You have to make sure that you are at your peak physical condition before entering a real fight as without that surety you might be endangering yourself. I have divided training into three parts they are:
I will discuss the details about these training below.
I will list bellow some popular training exercises which are done by popular boxers every day. Before I move on to that, let me tell you something else.
Boxing is 90% mental how you ask? Let me explain. Every time you are about to face an opponent you are sure to run into the issue of being under confident.
This is an issue that happens to almost every boxer no matter how hard they have trained. Failure is part of being a successful.
Even if you were outmatched by a player, who was miles ahead of you make sure you do not lose your confidence.
Try learning from your mistakes and applying them on the ring the next time you step inside.
Boxing Training Tips for beginners
Before you can begin your training for becoming a boxer, there are certain things that you will have the keep in mind.
Boxing Workouts for Beginners
As I have mentioned earlier, I will suggest the popular training methods here. Be sure to check with your coach before you start doing this exercises.
You coach will know better in this field than I will. It might have been the best plan to work out for some pro-level boxer, but it might not be the best choice for you.
Keeping that in mind let me inform you about a popular work out plan.
Every exercise program will contain some form of warm-up exercise. The cardiovascular system, respiratory system, nervous system, and the musculoskeletal system are prepared for so that they can function properly when the body reaches its peak demanding position.
The primary purpose of a warm-up exercise is the raise body temperature and prepare the muscle so that they are ready for the brutal training. Warming up before the actual exercise will also prevent you from injuring yourself.
There are other advantages of warm-up exercise which are improved performance, improved muscle efficiency and reduced potential for muscle pulls.
Here are some tips for warm-up exercises
After you are done with the warm-up sessions now, it's your turn to start working out. Here are some tips on how to work out in your beginner faze of boxing.
Warm down exercises are exercises which will help you slow down your level of activity gradually.
There are a lot of advantages to warm down exercise they are being:
Now that I have told you the advantages of the warm- down exercise let me now show you how to do some warm -down training.
This is a difficult topic to discuss as there is not a solid style that anyone can follow. Every beginner out there is worrying about the style they want to follow. But the fact is there is none.
There are a style that can be followed but following someone's style is not a good idea for most of the people.
The best choice for this difficult situation is the decide how you are comfortable. At the end of the day, the fighting style will resemble your personality.
If you are a short guy, you will focus on close combat a lot more compared to a tall guy. A tall guy will try his best to use his long arms to his advantage and try to knock the opponent while keeping a distance.
Mike Tyson, one of the biggest names in the boxing industry, uses a rather odd but effective for his style. He focuses more on offense than defense.
This is because he is already a powerful guy and has a brutal amount of strength in his body. His power can overpower anyone at that given time.
Muhammad Ali is another living legend in the boxing industry although his style was completely different. He focused a lot more in his footwork than his punches.
Don’t get me wrong Muhammad Ali’s punches were no joke but his footwork was a work of art.
Point being that if you are going to copy Mike Tyson's style, you will have to focus on your punches and your physical form a lot more on the contrary if you are going to copy Muhammad Ali you will have to focus on your footwork.
If you try to copy both of them who knows maybe you are going to stumble onto a style of your own.
It necessarily doesn't mean that you will have to stick to a specific style all the time. Your style may change once you get more matured in the boxing field.
As you get stronger and begin to understand the basics of boxing, you will learn to use a style unique to your own. This style will utilize all your muscles strength and use your strong zones.
Therefore keep on improving your punches, footwork, technique, and strategy you will stumble upon your unique fighting style eventually.
There is some basic fighting style that I can inform you whether to follow them or not depends on you.
- Power Puncher- This is a style that requires one to be patient. Your defense skills and footwork has to be good for you to learn this style.
In this style, you will be moving around a lot and blocking your opponent's attacks until he gets tired or close to getting tired and once that happens. Boom! Hit him with all you got.
- Speedy Runner- This style will show the results of all those hours you are going to spend on the speed bag. Your attacks and movements should be fast. Consistently hit the opponent with quick strikes.
SO, fast that most of them hit your opponent. Be aware though your punches should be fast not heavy. In this style, your punches do less damage, but the number of punches being hit will multiply the effects.
- Defensive shell- In this style is you will be taking a defensive posture and remain in that posture until you find a good opening.
To find that opening tries to get around him while blocking his attacks. If you decide to counter his attacks while standing in front of him there is a high chance that you will be hit by a counter.
Take your time while coming up with the perfect counter-attack at the ideal time
- Aggressive Swarmer- This is the most aggressive form of attacking style used in boxing by beginners. IF anyone uses this style on you, you will begin to realize the kind of strength this attack caries.
If you ever face an opponent who is using this particular form of style make sure to block as many of his attacks as possible before he goes tired. Try to punch counters now and then to make his attacks disoriented.
If you plan on using this style on your opponent make sure you have practiced a lot with the 16oz gloves on the heavy and speed bags. Because endurance and strength both are the keys in this style of fighting.
- Tall or long reach- If you are a tall boxer this is the style favored by most tall beginners. Using high guard and sharp punches you will go forward.
The goal here is to get close to the enemy and to hit the head without taking a lot of hits or using too much energy.
- Short guys or duckers-Being short has its advantages. The aim in this style is the body as short people often face opponents with height advantage over them making difficult for the short person to reach for the head.
You will be focusing your punches towards the chest area and the stomach area forcing your opponent to guard there. And just as he does that go for the head.
Well if you are untrained and you want to go to spar with someone directly, Good Luck with that. Sparring can be very dangerous for inexperienced wannabees.
Sparring can quickly turn into a not so friendly fight when someone ends up with a broken nose or a dislocated jaw.
Although if you have trained enough and your trainer says you are ready, that is an entirely different story.
Sparring is the only way to prepare for a real boxing match. As in sparing there is no holding back sparring itself can be called a demo boxing match.
My advice would be to start with shadow boxing followed by JAB practice than going all out on one another and keep the rounds short like 2 min or so.
This is because being a beginner you are going to lose your breath quickly which is entirely natural as you are not used to dealing with stressful fights.
Down below I will list some sparring tips which can come in handy.
As the sparring tips are out of the way, let me inform you about some of the primary fighting strategies that I have stumbled upon.
This is basic strategy every beginner should keep in mind. Remember the goal is to score more points than your opponent.
Here are some fighting strategy that I found in my research
- During a round, one tries to move around as much as possible without wasting too much energy. Try to learn how your opponent moves and try to understand his fighting style
- During round two, now that you have figured out or at least have an idea of your opponents fighting style begin attacking. Try to throw strong punches. You should be able to land a couple of hits if you keep on attacking.
- During round three, give the fight everything you got. Release all your energy via punching your opponent. This is the part where your training and hard work should show results. And if your training didn't bring fruits then train harder the next time.
Realizing Your Mistakes
At the end of the day no matter how big or experience you might be you are a human being. The human being makes mistakes, and this is something that we have to deal with.
Making mistakes is not bad by any means but letting you mistakes stay that way is. Mistakes are made to be corrected. Keeping that in mind I will inform you of some of the common mistakes made by beginners in boxing.
I have segmented the mistakes into three categories they being
Mistakes in their Technique
The mistakes that most of the beginners will make in perfecting their technique are:
Mistakes in their Training
There are a lot of mistakes that a beginner will make while he is on his way to becoming a pro. I am going to list some of the many errors that are made.
Mistakes in their Fighting
Lastly, I come to the fighting. There are loads of errors that came to my attention when doing my research but the one that stood out to me the most are:
These were some of the common mistakes which are done by beginners in general. You are going to have errors of your own for which you should start working on a mistake as soon as you realize that you have made one.
The Road To Becoming A PRO
Now that I have reached this point of the article I will discuss with you the last and the most important details that you will have to know.
By now I presume you have an idea about all the basics involved in boxing but what I didn’t discuss above is how to become a PRO boxer over time.
In your final length of the journey to becoming a PRO, you will have to go through 4 steps. This step will guide to towards your goal, and every single detail above will be a part of each of the steps.
Step one- Finding a gym
Finding a boxing gym can be easy but finding a proper boxing gym can be rather tricky. This is due to the brutality present in the sport.
If you end up in a gym where men go to release their frustration and anger of adult life on one another through boxing then my friend you are going to be in deep trouble.
You will need to look for a gym which is well known for creating top-notch athletes. Athletes who have made a mark on the town you are living in.
You should never judge a boxing Gym by its looks. Most popular boxing gyms which have trained a huge number of successful athletes don't look good.
Find a gym which is close by to you as admitting yourself in a gym far from your home will become an excuse for not going in regularly
Be sure to visit the gym before you sign up. Go inside the gym look at the environment, look at the equipment’s and most importantly look at the coach of that gym.
Step two- Finding a Coach
Finding a proper coach to train you is the most crucial bit of the puzzle. Without one, you will never be able to perfect the techniques, footwork or any other thing discussed above.
The coach is going to be responsible for most of your workouts, training routine, diet planning, etc. This is why finding a good coach is the most important thing that you can think about.
Try looking for a coach who is well reputed and is willing to teach his students. Finding a coach on whom you can trust is going to be the key here.
Never show arrogance or ego in front of a coach. A coach has turned to coach others because he is skilled enough to. If for any odd reason you think he is not worthy to train you then guess what, you need to work on your attitude.
Just as you would do for a gym try to set a meeting with the coach first before you hire him. I the session discuss your goals and plans and ask the coach how does he plan on helping you to accomplish them.
If you and the coach have the same kind of mind-set and your mentalities align then you are in luck as you don't have to wander around anymore.
However, if you and the coach have differences in opinion then its better you look for someone else as this in the future will become an issue.
Step three- Licence
This is an essential step as for you to participate in real fights which will pave your future you need a license.
To get a license, you will need to pass a physic test which is specially designed for giving out a boxing license.
This physic test is conducted by an individual physicist who specializes in the field. Try asking your coach or the owner of the gym you are training in for an address to some well-known physicist.
Going to the wrong physicist might give you false reports which can jeopardize your career as these records are going to stay for the rest of your life.
Once you are physically evaluated and have passed the test, you will need to collect a form from the Boxing association and submit your report with that form to apply for a license.
If you are below 18, you are going to be asked to get your parents or guardians signature on the form that you are going to submit to the Association.
You will need to attach your passport photocopy, National ID, Birth Certificate, Passport size pictures and lastly crime background check document to the board.
Once the association has checked you documents and verified them you can finally receiver you license.
Once you have your license you can now participate in proper boxing fights with the boxer's other than your gym mates.
Step Four- Entering Matches
This is the last step that you will be training hard to achieve. Your coach will let you know when it is time to participate in an actual armature boxing tournament.
As you participate in more and more tournaments you going to get valuable experience which will help you out in the future.
You are not always going to win a fight keep that in mind; there are fighters out there even though they are armatures but are in a different level altogether.
There is no shame in losing a fight but makes sure you learn and discuss with your coach the reason for your failure.
Try to win more matches than you have lost. As further down the road, you are going to need top-notch sponsors and managers. These people will look at your career results.
If your career results are promising only then will they allow you to hire them as your representatives.
Boxing requires a lot of passion and hard work. Without those, there is no way to become a good boxer.
Training hard and always trying to fix your mistakes is going to be the key here.
It’s never too late to enter the boxing world make sure you have read all the details in the article.
Watch videos relating to the topic for even detailed discussion. Hope I could help ease some of the burdens.