10 Basic NBA Basketball Rules That You Need to Know

Every sport requires some basic rule to follow.

The rules for the international tournaments and local tournaments are the same in most games. But things are a bit different for basketball.

You will find the rules of college league basketball and the NBA are not the same.

Similarly, the rules in NCAA and Olympic basketball are not the same. Additionally, some rules of basketball do not match with NBA basketball.

Basic NBA Rules to Know

If you are someone want to play as a professional player in the NBA, or watch NBA tournaments, then you need to know specifically the NBA rules. So, let’s discuss about some basic NBA basketball rules that might surprise you.

1. During The Game

First thing first, you need to know the time period of the game. Knowing the time helps a lot to plan and scoring goals when your team needs it desperately.

The duration in NBA tournaments is different than others. In NBA, the length of the game is four 12-minutes quarters. As you know, there is no tie or draw in basketball. If the game is tied within the given time, then an additional five minutes is played.

Five minutes will be given to all overtime periods. Both the teams will be given 130 seconds break between first and second periods, also between third and fourth period. There will be 15 minutes break between halves.

2. Number of Players

Each team can put five players on the court at a time. But what if there comes a situation when a player receives his sixth personal foul and all the substitutes are disqualified?

Well, then the player can continue to play and will be charged with both the individual and team foul.

If one of the last eligible players is injured and he has to leave, then he will be replaced by the previous disqualified player who was disqualified for receiving his sixth foul.

3. Substitutes

As basketball requires a lot of running. So, it is evident that your team will need substitutes. Changing substitutes often keeps a team energetic, otherwise the players will not be able to play hard as their energy levels drop. Good news is the NBA does not have many restrictions regarding this.

During timeouts, teams can make substitutions as much as they want. But the substitute must be beckoned by an official. There are some exceptions as well. A substitute is not allowed to enter the game if there is a successful goal by either team.

Also, if there is any official’s suspension of play for unusual circumstance, substitutes cannot join their teammates.

4. Dribble

Good dribbling requires skill. It is the key thing that gives the upper hand to a player regarding scoring goals. If you can dribble well, you will be able to ditch the opponent players and make the way to score goals or assist your teammate to score goals.

While dribbling, a player cannot do certain things such as simultaneously touching the ball with both hands.

Additionally, if you are in the game, you cannot rest while possessing control over it. The dribbling of a player will end if he throws a pass, tries for scoring a field goal.

 Also, you cannot touch the ball more than one time, before it conducts with the floor.

5. Tie Score

What if your team plays hard, but in the end, both sides score the same? Would not that be painful to accept? Sports such as soccer, cricket allow tied scoring system to the same extent.

Fortunately, there is no tie in basketball. So, no matter what the score is, there must be a winning team. Therefore, at the end of given regulation, if the score is tied, additional five minutes’ overtime is played.

6. Three-Point Line

The three-point line is pretty long compared to the international events. In NBA, the line is 22’ in corners and 23’9” inches at the top.

7. Fouls

Fouls do not always count as bad for the defenders. Some fouls are so tricky that if anyone commits them, it does not let the opposing team scoring goals while not hurting the opponent player.

But, no matter what, if you make fouls, you have to pay the price sooner or later.

In NBA, if you make two technical fouls or six personal fouls, you will be disqualified.

As far as the shooting vs. non-shooting fouls concern, after fourth team foul, two free throws are given for each foul or the last two minutes of a quarter. It depends on whichever comes first.

The opponent team gets one free throw for a technical foul. The referee resumes the game at the point of interruption. The charges of foul are on specific individuals. 

8. Jump Ball and Alternating Possession

Taking possession on the ball is essential in basketball. The time in this game is not long, so the team who possesses the ball for most of the time, have a chance to win the game.

In NBA, it requires a jump ball to start the game. The team that loses initial jump ball gets the chance to possess the ball in the second and fourth quarters.

The team that wins initial jump gets ball possession in the third quarter. So, both the teams get the chance to start the ball equally.

9. Zone Defense

If the defense of a team is weak, the opponent gets more chance to attack and score goals. In college and high school basketball, you probably notice that there was a specific individual at zone defense.

But the thing is not the same in the NBA. A player cannot spend staying more than three seconds on the restrictive area unless he is guarding an opponent player.

10. Basket Interference

There will be no blocking of a ball with a downward flight towards the rim. The basket with its base has an imaginary cylinder has the basket with its support. If a player touches the ball while any part of it is still in the cylinder and has a chance to go, would considered as a violation.

To conclude…

If you are a basketball fan and watch major basketball tournaments, then you must have noticed NBA has some different rules compared to FIBA, NCAA or even with Olympic basketball tournament.

Whether you are thinking about taking basketball as a profession or find interest to watch NBA tournaments, these are the basic rules of NBA basketball that you must know.

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